CBD A-Z Terms List
substances work to reduce inflammation in the body.
Refers to the amount of a drug that is actually absorbed and able to be used by the body.
contains all the phytochemicals naturally available in the hemp plant. It will contain all terpenes, flavonoids, and cannabinoids (except THC).
It will most likely have a yellowish to brownish coloration due to the flavonoids. It will also have a strong grassy taste.
is a cannabinoid receptor found in the brain.
Both THC and CBD can competitively bind to the CB1 receptor found in the brain, however, only the binding of THC causes euphoria, “The High”.
The binding of CBD to the CB1 receptor is generally associated with relaxation.
is a cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the peripheral nervous system and immune cells.
Binding of THC to the CB2 receptor, unlike binding to the CB1 receptor, does not promote relaxation.
is a common cannabinoid found in both marijuana and industrial hemp plants.
It has significant health benefits, but lacks the induced “High” from THC, D9-tetrahydrocannabinol, found in marijuana.
Cannabinoids are defined as any compound that can be utilized by the body or brain by way of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS).
There are two types of Cannabinoids which are Phytocannabinoids and Endocannabinoids.
is where the CBD is isolated from all other compounds of the cannabis plant.
No terpenes, flavonoids or any other component is present.
CBD isolate is typically isolated from Industrial Hemp and generally has a purity of about 99.9%.
Isolates are generally tasteless and odorless and may be sold in in low or high dose forms.
A more simplified way to discriminate between all the variations of Cannabis is by a means of chemotyping. A Chemotype is a chemically distinct entity in a plant.
On the basis of cannabinoid profiles, five chemotypes have been recognized.
Chemotype I is comprised of plants with a predominance of Δ9-THC.
Chemotype II comprises plants with high levels of cannabinoids that are non-psychoactive such as CBD.
Chemotypes III and IV are plants containing intermittent level of THC and CBD. They may be useful in the medical and recreational cannabis markets but are not viable for the CBD market due to the level of THC present.
Chemotype V is composed of fiber type plants which contains almost no cannabinoids, including CBD or THC.
Chemotype II is the only chemotype viable for CBD commercialization
are actually produced by the human body.
The word “endo” is shorthand for “endogenous” which means “from within the body”.
Two endocannabinoids have been identified in the human body.
These are anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglyerol (2-AG).
is a system of physiology found in almost all mammalian life.
This system which consists of two types of cannabinoid receptors and is responsible for reaching and maintaining homeostasis.
There are primarily two types (CB1 and CB2) of cannabinoid receptors that make up the ECS.
The cannabinoid receptor CB1 is found in the brain while the CB2 receptor is found primarily in the peripheral nervous system and especially with immune cells.
Cannabinoids (like CBD) and terpenes together, are believed to create a synergistic relationship known as the “Entourage Effect”.
This simply means that the compounds complement each other and work better when taken together, as opposed to taking each compound separately.
Essentially, the sum of all compounds taken together is greater than the sum of all compounds taken taken separately.
is an inactive ingredient in a formula that acts alongside an active ingredient (in our case CBD)
are a group of Flavonoids (1 of 6 total).
There are no simple flavans in sufficient abundance to be found in cannabis. Polymerized flavans can be the source of bitter and acidic flavors in foods. Colorations from the polymerized flavonoids can range from red to black. They are most commonly found in the tannins of unripe fruits and vegetables, as well as red wines, tea, and cocoa, besides cannabis.
Two well known Flavans are Theaflavin and Thearubigin.
are a group of Flavonoids (1 of 6 total).
Catechin is a flavanol since there is no carbon-carbon double bond in the pyran ring between the carbons numbered 2 and 3, yet contains a hydroxy group, -OH group, at the 3 position. Therefore, the prefix Flava- ends in the suffix -nol; flavanol. Catechin has many potential benefits including assistance in weight loss and cancer prevention, such as breast and prostate cancer, similar to the Theaflavins. Catechin has been shown to aid in both brain and heart health. It assists in the regulation of diabetes and may also offer protection from the sun’s UV rays as a topical. Catechins have also been shown to reduce platelet-clumping, similar to the activity provided by the approved product Plavix. Because of this effect, Catechin can improve endothelial function. Endothelial cells form a single layer that lines all blood vessels. A side benefit of Plavix is the reduction of existing plaque buildup in blood vessels. Catechin’s ability of preventing platelet-clumping helps reduce the risk of embolism formation and Catechin may help reduce the amount of existing plaque buildup in a similar manner to that of Plavix.
are a group of Flavonoids (1 of 6 total).
As anticipated, flavanones do not contain a carbon-carbon double bond between the 2 and 3 positions of the pyran ring portion of benzopyran, hence the prefix of the name being Flava-. These structures contain a carbon-oxygen double bond at the 4 position and no hydroxy group at the 3 position; therefore, the name’s suffix is -none, hence the term flavanone.
are a complex mixture comprising anthocyanins, Flavan-3-ols, Flavanones, Flavones, Flavanols, Isoflavones, and other categories.
They are responsible for making up the color pigments in plants.
The term “Flavonoid” is based on the Latin term Flavus which means “Yellow”.
Many of the colors exhibited by flavonoids are white, yellow, red, blue, purple and even black.
There are about 25 major Flavonoids found in cannabis.
Flavonoids can only be found in the buds, leaves, and stalk of the plant, but not in the seeds or roots.
Flavonoids have also been shown to have health boosting benefits independent of either terpenes and or cannabinoids.
Flavonoids can be divided into six (6) different groups: Flavans, Flavanols, Flavanones, Flavones, Flavonols, and anthocyanidins.
contains all the phytochemicals naturally available of the marijuana plant, including THC, CBD, other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.
The product will have a yellowish to brown coloration and a strong grassy taste.
is defined as any Cannabis sativa L. (C. sativa L) plant that contains a concentration of less than 0.3% THC on a dried weight basis.
Industrial Hemp, for CBD production, is typically made available from chemotype II plants.
Chemotype II plants contain high levels of cannabinoids that are non-psychoactive.
Both chemotype II and V are classified as Hemp since the level of THC is <0.3% on the dried weight basis.
However, only chemotype II is viable for CBD commercialization.
is the body’s response to harmful foreign substances via the delivery of white blood cells into affected areas.
Symptoms of inflammation include: Pain, Redness, Stiffness, and Heat (joints are hot to the touch).
is commonly used as a dietary supplement due to its superior fat composition and powerful antioxidant content.
Additionally, MCTs require minimal effort to be processed and utilized by the body as an instant energy source, they go straight to the liver which makes them an efficient carrier oil for cannabinoids (which are fat soluble).
Since MCTs go straight to the liver they are able to bypass “The First Pass Effect” and promote better bioavailability of active ingredients.
is a unit of measuring mass (solids). *(1mg = 1/1000th of a gram, 1000mg = 1 gram)
is a unit of measuring volume (liquids). *(1mL = 1/1000th of a liter, 1000mL = 1 liter)
The most common are over-the-counter (OTC) medications such as aspirin and ibuprofen.
Most NSAIDs work well without blocking pain like opioids, which have perverse long-term effects on how your body deals with pain.
The only problem is that NSAIDs are lab created and have many known side effects from long-term usage, including: Pain and Heartburn, High Blood Pressure, Dizziness, Stomach Ulcers, and many others.
are found in Cannabis plants (both Hemp and Marijuana).
Moreover, the word Phytocannabinoid’s origin is based on the greek word “phytón” which means “plant”.
Well known Phytocannabinoids include Cannabidiol (CBD) & Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
are a term that describes the chemicals that makeup a plant.
Both CBD and THC are considered phytochemicals, but more specifically cannabinoids.
are a class of volatile phytochemicals produced in plants which are attributed to a plant’s scent.
*For the most part, terpene and terpenoid, are used interchangeably, even though there is a distinct difference in their meaning.
are generally considered to be those terpenes that have undergone oxidation, or structural change, but still provide fragrance to the plant.
D9-tetrahydrocannabinol is responsible for the “high” commonly associated with traditional marijuana.
is a phenomenon in drug metabolism where the concentration of a drug is reduced as it’s processed by the body, reducing it’s bioavailability.
A significant loss of cannabinoids occurs when the liver breaks down compounds (including CBD) into different metabolites.
These metabolites are then expelled from the body and not delivered to the bloodstream.